Lifelong Nourishment

To mark ten years since P D James preached at the Church of St Edward, King and Martyr, Cambridge, we have kindly been given permission to republish the text of the sermon online.  The following was originally preached on the 24th July 2005.



I last had the great privilege of speaking from this pulpit on 6 July 1997 and I return this morning at your Vicar’s invitation, not because I feel qualified to preach, but because I have a deep affection for this church. This is where I worshipped as a child, here I was prepared for confirmation, and to St Edward’s I return with a renewed sense of gratitude to Almighty God for his love and grace over nearly eighty-five years of sometimes turbulent life. It is a particular joy that this is a Sunday on which we celebrate and give thanks for the Book of Common Prayer.


My own devotion to the Prayer Book has its roots in infancy and early childhood, in nostalgia and in family tradition. I was born in Oxford and both my parents, sharing a love of choral music, liked to hear Evensong sung in the College chapels, so that I was carried to services sleeping in my mother’s arms from a very early age. And later, when we moved to Ludlow on the Welsh borders, I remember Evensong in the small church near Ludford Bridge where in winter the tortoise-stove would flare dramatically when the wind changed, like the tongues of fire at Whitsun, and where there was a brass-bound copy of the Prayer Book left in the pew in which we habitually sat, which to me was a great object of desire and my first intimation of the physical pleasure of turning the pages of a book. During the longueurs of the sermon I would explore it and can remember my excitement on first reading the rubric at the end of the Communion of the Sick:

In the time of the plague, sweat or other such
like contagious times of sickness or diseases,
when none of the Parish or neighbours can
be gotten to communicate with the sick
in their houses for fear of infection, upon
special request of the diseased, the Minister
may only communicate with him.

I was moved then, as I am today, by the priestly heroism so much taken for granted, and would vividly picture that solitary figure walking through the empty streets carrying the sacred vessels, that lonely celebration of Holy Communion in the candlelit and fetid sickroom.


And later I attended a church school in Ludlow where the parish priest would visit each week to teach us the Collect and instruct us in its meaning. So these marvellous prayers, a single sentence, beautifully constructed, so simple yet so pregnant with meaning, entered my consciousness, became part of my religious and literary heritage and helped to make me a writer. I am not ashamed of this nostalgia; we are made by our past just as our present will shape our future; but nostalgia is, of course, the least part of my devotion to the Book of Common Prayer.


It is difficult publicly to mourn the increasing neglect of this wonderful book without being accused by some zealots for change of intellectual arrogance, prejudice, hypocrisy or mere nostalgia, especially if the critic is less than regular in his or her own church attendance. I am not competent to criticize either the theology or historical basis of the comparatively new Common Worship which, unlike its predecessor, does include parts of the Prayer Book, perhaps because the revisers have discovered through research how many parishioners have still retained a love of the old liturgy. This inclusion of Prayer Book passages – which some in the Prayer Book Society deplore since it is so piecemeal – shows a welcome advance from the rabid dislike of the Prayer Book shown by some revisers after the introduction of the Alternative Service Book. But surely it is not only an older generation who mourn the neglect of an incomparable liturgy which for generations has solaced, sustained, rebuked and exhorted all manner of men and women and provided cadences of immense beauty and power with which they were christened, married and at last laid to earth.


It is appropriate that the corporate worship of the Church in the authorized liturgy should be ordered, expressed in words written to be spoken aloud by priest or congregation, and in language of such nobility and grace that it has some claim to be worthy of the God it worships. The language of the Prayer Book is, for many of us, so sanctified by use that we have no need to fumble to find the right page or to concentrate on the precise words or their order, but are united in fellowship with each other in the act of worship and by grace into communion with Almighty God. Private prayer, the communication of the individual soul with its God, may be spontaneous or formal, articulate or a silent cry of gratitude or longing, needing no special place or posture and as varied as the number of those who pray. We can call upon God in the bus queue, in an aircraft, in those difficult moments in the early hours when we lie wakeful, when we see strangers in distress and are touched by compassion, and when we experience those transcendent moments of joy and exultation and are moved to give thanks for the glory of God. But I am interested to find how often my own private and spontaneous prayers either use or echo the words of the Book of Common Prayer. Evelyn Waugh, in a letter advising Lady Diana Cooper on the order in which to pray, wrote that she should remember the word ACTS, Adoration, Contrition, Thanksgiving and last, Supplication.


The Third Collect in the Communion Service is, for me, the most perfect prayer of supplication ever written.

Almighty God, the fountain of all wisdom,
who knowest our necessities before we ask,
and our ignorance in asking: We beseech thee
to have compassion upon our infirmities; and
those things, which for our unworthiness we
dare not, and for our blindness we cannot
ask, vouchsafe to give us for the worthiness
of thy Son Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

We live in an age imbued with a restless desire for change. It sometimes seems that nothing old, nothing well established, nothing which has evolved through centuries of experience and loving use escapes our urge to diminish, revise or abolish it. Above all, every institution has to be relevant – a very fashionable word – to the needs of modern life, as if humans in the early twenty-first century are somehow fundamentally different in their needs and aspirations from all previous generations. One argument put forward for the replacement of the old liturgy is that the Book of Common Prayer alienates the young and has no relevance to their lives. But the desire always to simplify and popularize seems to be part of an attitude towards the less-educated young which I find both demeaning and arrogant. Is this not tantamount to saying that from them nothing of value can be expected, and to them nothing of value need be given?


And there are others to whom the Prayer Book is important, men and women who would think it presumptuous to call themselves Christians. They are seekers after truth, hopeful travellers, rather than among those who have found their way home to faith. They would perhaps describe themselves as reverent and sympathetic agnostics, but they are deeply aware of the religious dimension to life. They feel the need to worship and give thanks and until now they have found their natural home in the Church of England and their spiritual life nourished by the Book of Common Prayer. They may not have the fashionable appeal of the disadvantaged young of the inner cities whom, of course, the Church must rightly strive to serve, attract and retain, but they too have a hunger for God and their loss is a loss, not only to the Church of England, but to the Christian faith.


And this morning, in celebrating the Book of Common Prayer we revere and commemorate Thomas Cranmer, that sometimes muddled, occasionally accommodating, only too human servant of Henry VIII and the reformed Church who by God’s grace gave faith and worship a language which has never been equalled let alone surpassed. Of no man can it more truly be said ‘He being dead yet speaks.’ Cranmer could not have known in 1552 that he was providing a vehicle for English worship that would remain unchanged for over four hundred years. Being a modest man, the responsibility would have appalled him. But he was doing even more. He influenced the whole direction of the English language. He was not ashamed to borrow from others, from Miles Coverdale, Richard Joyce and Richard Taverner and, where he made alterations, the change was always an improvement. He knew when to use an Italianate word, when a simpler homely one would be stronger, when to use them together in a marvellous balance. But he was not writing for literary effect. He was writing for the public worship of God, above all he was writing for truth. In this restless age, with its contempt for authority and tradition, when anything new is seen as an improvement, why cannot we have the grace to recognize when a thing is perfect and have the humility to leave it alone?


And the book he gave us is scriptural, the Bible passages based in William Tyndale’s marvellous translation. Tyndale, martyred twenty years before Cranmer went to the stake, was one of the greatest geniuses ever to write in the English tongue; like Cranmer he wrote not for his own age, but for all time. The influence of these two books, the King

James Bible and the Book of Common Prayer, runs like a golden thread through our literature and history. We recognize their cadences not only in the works of such writers as Isaac Walton and John Bunyan, but also in the sonorous and majestic phrases of John Milton, Sir Thomas Browne and Edward Gibbon; we detect the influence of the Bible and the Book of Common Prayer in the novels of such different writers as the Brontës and Thackeray. It is difficult to see how anyone can claim seriously to study English literature – or indeed hope to understand much of western literature, painting or music – without some knowledge of the Bible and the Book of Common Prayer.


And to those who love them, the familiar words have a power untouched by time. The Third Collect in the Order for Evening Prayer is surely as relevant today to an elderly lady living barricaded in her city flat as it was when it was written:

Lighten our darkness, we beseech thee, O
Lord, and by thy great mercy defend us from
all perils and dangers of this night; for the
love of thy only Son, our Saviour Jesus Christ.

The litany is a beautiful and comprehensive prayer which needs only one addition (the inclusion of those who travel by air as well as by land and sea) to make it totally appropriate for twenty-first-century travellers. And now, particularly in London and our inner cities, how appropriate is the petition that we should be delivered from battle and murder and from sudden death. The picture most of us associate with Cranmer is that of a frail old man, after a life which held its share of prevarication, compromise and political manoeuvring, steadfastly holding his right hand in the flame so that the hand which had offended by signing his recantation should be the first to feel the fire. As Diarmaid MacCulloch points out in his magisterial biography, we live in a sceptical and compromising age where honest doubt is honoured above clear ideological certainty. We do not condemn Cranmer for his recantation: rather we approve the reasonableness and honesty of a man who will avoid an agonizing public death if he can do so. But for us – who by God’s grace will never have to face so appalling a choice – there still comes that moment of decision, sometimes in small matters, sometimes in large, when prevarication and compromise have to stop and we can only say, in the words of Luther, ‘Here I stand. I can do no other.’ In this moment Cranmer is our example and our inspiration.


But it is our privilege and joy as lovers of the Prayer Book to do more than take courage and inspiration from Cranmer’s example of courage and perseverance. It is our task to ensure that what is most lasting about him – his work – is never forgotten. If Tyndale and Cranmer had not lived I would not be speaking to you this morning in the language I am using. The Christian religion would not have spread worldwide, we would almost certainly not have had Shakespeare, and English would not now be a world language, and one of extraordinary richness, strength and versatility.


Praise for the Bible and the Prayer Book as literature would, of course, have been incomprehensible to Tyndale and Cranmer. Tyndale was translating into the language of the common people the good news of man’s salvation and the hope of everlasting life. Cranmer was setting out to establish a firm foundation for the reformed church in worship and theology. I wonder if, working patiently through the long hours and glancing at the leaping flames in their fireplaces, they had a fleeting premonition of the terrible deaths thatawaited them. I hope not, but who can tell? Yet, as a writer, I like to believe that both had a creator’s joy in their genius. That they knew the supreme satisfaction of putting the right words in the right order and that, snuffi ng out their candles at the end of the working day and looking back at what they had achieved, they knew that it was good. May we who enjoy so rich a heritage from their example and genius resolve that their work shall be honoured and, above all, used both in private reading and in public worship, not only in this our generation, but for all generations to come.


© P D James, 2005


If you would like to learn more about the Book of Common Prayer, please visit the Prayer Book Society webpage here.

The archives of St Edward’s Church

The Archives of St Edward’s Church date back to the mid 17th century when Queen Elizabeth ordered every parish church to keep records of the baptisms, marriages and burials which took place in the church. St. Edwards’ earliest  registers are now kept in  the County Record Office, Shire Hall, Cambridge. A few years ago I had reason to consult them when  the church received a  request  from a descendant of Edward Lively., one of the scholars who   worked on  the King James Bible. The enquirer knew that Edward Lively was buried in St Edward’s and wondered if we had any information about his wife and family. We had. In the earliest  Baptisms Register I found Baptism dates for his eleven surviving children. The spelling was different but the names of eleven children were recorded between 1579 to 1592. I particularly liked the  name of  “Larkinge Lyvly“  baptised in 1590. In the Burials Register I found Edward himself, buried in 1605 and his wife Alice (spelt Livelie) in 1620.

Among the other items deposited at the Shire Hall are a run of Churchwardens’ Accounts for the 17th and 18th centuries. These accounts were meticulously kept by the Churchwardens and contained such items as money to a launderess  for the chaplain’s surplice, regular beer money to the Bell Ringers and 6d for a chamberpot for the use of the chaplain (only)!

In the past only formal documents  were kept for the archives but I have  collected more informal items. These would include programmes from weddings and funerals held in the church;  the signatures of those St Edward’s  ringers who in 2009 rung the church bells  simultaneously with other churches in the town to commemorate the 800th anniversary of Cambridge University ; and – a recent deposit this – the Times obituary of the distinguished crime novelist P. D. James, who died earlier this year . With the obituary I included a note explaining that P. D. James had both worshipped and preached in St. Edwards Church.

The archives also include photographs – mostly of the church building itself at various periods.  These came  in useful when we received  a request about  a Reredos erected in  the church in the 1860s. The researcher was interested in the career of a minor Pre-Raphaelite painter, George Howard, later 9th Earl of Carlisle. While still a student at Cambridge, Howard had written to his father  and I quote

I am in a great state of excitement about something I am going to do which is a very ambitious undertaking and will surprise you.  I am going to paint in a church here St Edwards on a reredos of Scotts

(George Gilbert Scott was a well-known architect who designed the Victorian renovation of the church).  A search through the old photographs in the archive  produced a rather faded picture with the caption  “View of the unrestored St Edward’s before 1932 with Victorian reredos”. Later I realised that one of the pictures hanging on the  Vestry wall was actually an enlarged photograph of the Reredos but this time by Thomas Bidwell Hunt, a well-known local professional photographer. The Reredos had five panels with figures in relief. The central one depicts Christ on the Cross.

The archives are  presently very inadequately housed in the steel cabinets by the safe. Perhaps sometime in the future they may be found a better home.

Elizabeth Edwards

Services for the week beginning 26/07/2015

Following the success of the EMBODIED service last week, we will be holding the second of these services this Sunday at 11am, continuing to look at our relationship with our own bodies.


Sunday 26/07/2015

8 am: BCP Communion; President & preacher: Br Malcolm SSF
11 am: EMBODIED (a new 11am service); Foreign Bodies
5 pm:  Evening Eucharist; President & Preacher: Berkeley Zych


Friday 31/07/2015

10:30 am: BCP Holy Communion; President & Preacher: Alan Cole


Chapter Reports

Chapter met on the 31st of May and the 28th of June.


31st May 2015

We discussed the churchyard, and in particular how best it should be used and managed. There was general consensus that management to keep it in a natural and semi-wild state is most in-keeping with the ethos of St Edward’s. This topic will be revisited in the forthcoming Chapter meeting in August.

We considered music during services, and agreed that an organic growth in this area is appropriate.

The bulk of the meeting was taken up with a wide-ranging discussion initially focused on the possibility of restarting an LGBT group, but moving on to cover the vision and mission of St Edward’s.


28th June, 2015

We revisited the question of vision and mission of St Edward’s. Four headline topics were identified which roughly corresponded to elements in the parish profile previously developed, namely: inclusiveness, meditative spirituality, intellectual engagement, and reconciliation. We started to address the question of how, given the interregnum and limited resources, we move forward on these fronts at St Edward’s.

The meeting also considered the timeline for the interregnum. Following on from a discussion with the Trustees for the Charity for the Emolument of the Chaplain, we noted that the first steps towards a new appointment would be revisiting the parish profile towards the end of this calendar year, with a view to starting the practicalities of finding a new incumbent at the start of 2016.

The most pressing matter considered by Chapter during this meeting was the ongoing challenge of identifying clergy for Sunday services. A number of factors make this difficult. Amongst these are the following: (1) we are in a diocese with a large number of interregna, and so clergy are spread very thinly amongst the churches. (2) at St Edward’s, for a church in an interregnum, we run a large number of services (four services during a week). (3) we are currently at the stage where a number of people who have taken services in the past are moving on or away (4) as we enter the summer holiday period, many are on holiday or otherwise unavailable. Whilst it may be expected that clergy might be abundant in Cambridge, in practice it is also true that the demand for and on clergy is also large here.

Without changing how we manage our services, we are therefore not in a position to run – in particular – all of the three services on Sunday, however much we would like to do so. The principal service at St Edward’s is the 11am service on Sundays, and it is there that, with limited resources, the churchwardens need to focus the bulk of their efforts (see below). However, the 8am service and 5pm services are an essential part of St Edward’s character. The 8am service maintains the BCP tradition, and the 5pm service represents most strongly the meditative and spiritual aspects of St Edward’s. In response to this, Chapter identified some subcommittees – one for the 8am, and one for the 5pm – with the remit of clarifying how we can maintain these services despite the challenges we face.

As the limiting resource is the availability of clergy, the most obvious solution is to decrease our dependency on clergy being available – that is, to have more services which are run in their entirety by laity. This requires planning in terms of service structure, adherence to Canon Law, and in terms of practicalities (e.g. “who has the key to open the church up?” and so on). However, these are challenges that, with help from the congregations at the various services, can be met.

It is clear that the 8am and 5pm services are very valued. The sense by the end of the meeting was that the challenges were well-understood, but equally so was the value, and that with some degree of pragmatism, we will be able to help these services to flourish.

Concerning the 11am service, we reviewed the developing patterns of service styles (see also below). As discussed at the APCM, the Churchwardens are keen to get St Edward’s “back” to the rich and varied liturgy for these services at has had in the past. Chapter broadly approved this endeavour.

Race for Life

Good afternoon,

I forgot to mention in this morning’s email that tomorrow the ‘Race for Life’ will be happening in Cambridge center. This means that certain roads will be closed and there may be an increase in traffic, so please do allow for extra time to your journeys.


Some extra information can be found here: Cambridge News

Services for the week beginning 19/07/15

Sunday 19/07/2015

8 am: BCP Communion; President & Preacher: Br Malcolm SSF
11 am: EMBODIED (a new 11am service); The skin I live in
5 pm:  Evening Prayer & Compline; Officiant & Preacher: Br Chris Martin SSF

Friday 24/07/2015

10:30 am: BCP Holy Communion; President & Preacher: Alan Cole


Can I also warmly encourage you to come along and try the new EMBODIED service this week. It would be great to see lots of you there and to get feedback from the service. I have been lucky enough to have a preview of the liturgy and to hear the music practice and I am personally very excited about this new development at St Ed’s, which is hoping to continue and hold together many of the things that are held dearest in the church by us all.
– Br Chris



On 19th July and 26th July at 11am, we will pilot EMBODIED, a new style of service at St Edward’s.

EMBODIED will draw on our church’s traditions of intellectual incisiveness and spiritual reflection, whilst exploring the freedom offered within the Church of England Common Worship.

Through music and soundscapes, classical and contemporary visual arts, drama, discourse and the spoken word, we will revisit, for our age, the paradoxes and personal challenges that inhabit the liminal zone between our finite, personal, and embodied selves, and the infinite, transcendent and spiritual realm into which we reach.


In EMBODIED #1# “The skin I live in” (July 19th) our focus will be on our physicality and how this plays into our cognitive and spiritual lives. How do we shape our bodies, and how do they shape us? Do we own our desires, or do they own us? And would we be human, if it weren’t for the skin we live in?


In EMBODIED #2# ”Foreign Bodies” (July 26th) we ask: as our bodies change over time, are we the same Selves that we were? What are we to make of our altering capacities and natures? Do we always inhabit, despite ourselves, foreign bodies?

Services for the week beginning 05/07/2015

We would like to begin with a huge congratulations to Ann Kember who is due to be ordained deacon tomorrow (04/07/2015) at Christ’s Church Cathedral in Oxford. After the 11am service on Sunday 5th we will be holding a little celebration for Ann and we would like to encourage everyone to come along and wish her well as she continues in her new role in her journey with Christ.


Sunday 05/07/2015

8 am: BCP Mattins;
11 am: Common Worship Morning Prayer; Officiant & Preacher: Ann Kember on Vocation
This will be followed by drinks in celebration of Ann’s ordination as Deacon on Saturday 4th July
There will be no 5pm service, as we would like to encourage everyone to attend the 11am and celebrate Ann’s ordination. 


Friday 10/07/2015

10:30 am: BCP Holy Communion; President & Preacher: Alan Cole


Positions Vacant

We still very much need more volunteers to serve coffee after the 11 am service on Sundays. Currently this is being done by a very small group of people, and, as things stand, we can not cover all Sundays. It is a relatively small commitment of time and an excellent way of contributing to our life together. If you are able to offer your help, please let Jillian or Adrian know.

“I am…”


At the 11am services over the past two months, we have had the opportunity to focus on certain of the “I am…” sayings of Jesus.  Malcolm Guite started the series on April 12th when he talked about the theme “I am the vine”

Just as the branch cannot bear fruit by itself unless it abides in the vine, neither can you unless you abide in me

(John 15:4b)

and reflected our need to be rooted and grounded in Jesus for our faith to be fruitful.


Ann Kember developed the theme on April 26th, talking on “I am the Way”

“Lord, we do not know where you are going. How can we know the way?”. Jesus said to him, “I am the way…”

(John 14:5b-6a)

We were reminded that we are not simply aiming at some distant goal, but are travelling a particular road: our faith is not all about the ends, but just as much about the Way. Alice Meynell, in her poem “I am the Way”, writes about this contrast: “Hadst thou been nothing but the goal / I cannot say / If thou hadst ever met my soul”. She concludes in the same vein, “Access, Approach / Art thou, Time, Way, and Wayfarer”.


The theme continued on May 3rd, when Malcolm spoke on “I am the… …life”, bringing us his recent sonnet, “God so loved the world”, which ends: “And now he gives himself, as Life and Light / that we might choose in Him to set things right”. On May 17th, Ann picked up the last of the trio, “I am the… …truth”, reflecting on, amongst other things, our need to trust, and our capacity to retain a sense of wonder for those things that we “understand”.


We closed the series with Malcolm speaking on just the core words – “I am…”, first found in Exodus 3, and picked up in John 8:57b,

Very truly, I tell you, before Abraham was, I am.

in which we recognise with great immediacy that that with which we have to deal in our faith is not a “what” but a “who” – an eternal and infinite “I am” of consciousness from which we spring, in whom we “live and move and have our being”, in whose image we are made, and to whom, through and in Jesus, we can relate and come close.

Adrian Stacey

How peculiar is the Church of St Edward, King and Martyr?


Adrian and I have asked for an opinion of this vexed question from the Archdeacon of Cambridge, the Venerable Alex Hughes, and here follows edited comments from an email he sent us:


“I think there are two issues at stake with respect to the ‘unusual’ status of St Edward’s. First, there is the question of ecclesiastical jurisdiction – i.e. whether or not it is a Peculiar. Second, there is the question of its submission to Canon Law.

On the first point, you ask whether I would write something to clarify the position of St Edward’s. I do have a fairly firm view on this matter, which is that St Edward’s is not a Peculiar, and that its uniqueness lies only in the manner of appointing clergy. This represents the view of certain well-established legal authorities , and the extensive research of a former member of the congregation at St Edward’s; but the question has never been tested exhaustively, and the costs of doing so are probably prohibitive. Arguably, whether or not St Edward’s ever was a Peculiar, such status was abolished anyway by statutory powers given to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners in the 19th century. My inclination, therefore, would be to behave as if St Edward’s is fully a parish within the Diocese of Ely under the Ordinary authority of the Bishop of Ely and the Archdeacon of Cambridge. One symbol of this would be for the Churchwardens to acknowledge their position as Officers of the Bishop by attending my Visitation and swearing themselves in alongside other Churchwardens.

On the second point, whether or not a church has Peculiar status, it cannot simply set aside Canon Law; and all clergy who hold a Bishop’s licence are bound by their oaths and declarations to abide by Canon law, which includes the requirement that they only use such forms of service as are authorized or allowed by Canon. In view of this, St Edward’s should expect to hold services which clearly belong within the family of Church of England liturgies, either of the Prayer Book or Common Worship. Given the extent of material authorized by Common Worship (running to several volumes of liturgical texts) I would be surprised if St Edward’s found it impossible to achieve this. And it is quite possible to introduce additional material to services on an ad hoc basis.

[Furthermore it would still need to use BCP or CW liturgies] because the church would still be under Ordinary authority (i.e. of the Master and Fellows of Trinity Hall), who would presumably require that the church only uses authorized Church of England liturgy”.


Adrian and I have duly been sworn in as Churchwardens at the Archdeacon’s Visitation in May, and are doing our best to steer a course between the former errant direction and that approved by the Diocese, while retaining our distinctive style.

Jillian Wilkinson